Bruce Leopold of Mississippi State University speaks on the increasing conflicts between humans and suburban coyotes in this presentation from the 2014 annual conference of The Wildlife Society in Pittsburgh, PA.
The coyote (Canis latrans) has become a dominant predatory component of the landscape of the eastern United States. Certainly, similarities exist regarding what western U.S. biologists, citizens and plant-animal communities faced regarding the coyote. However, profound differences in socio-economic factors exist regarding the coyote’s expansion throughout the eastern United States. I therefore review the history, via pertinent literature, of the distributional expansion of the coyote and how socio-economic factors have coincidentally changed as coyote presence and abundance increased. I also review and summarize, based on the history of coyotes in the western United States, the current and future human-wildlife conflict issues regarding coyotes that eastern biologists, citizens and plant-animal communities will face regarding this highly adaptable omnivore. I emphasize that the socio-economic factors of coyote expansion and presence in the eastern United States will necessitate a profoundly challenging management strategy, biologically and most importantly, socially.